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Types of Solar Panels and How To Choose Best Solar Panels for Homes
January 27, 2021

Solar Panels – Overview

Solar energy is one of the most prestigious sources of natural energy nature gives us. For more than two decades, we human beings utilize solar energy in various sectors to strengthen the economy and nurture the environment ‘Going Green’.

The first solar panel was invented by Charles Fritts in 1883 by coating selenium with a thin layer of gold. That time it was a big achievement for him and the entire world.

Then and now across the globe even in space stations solar panel technology is used for communication and various operations.

Since the increase in technology advancement and continuous research operations, so for, researchers have discovered and invented solar panels with diverse application practices implementation.

Basically, to understand about solar panel technology, first, we have to learn about their generations.


Generation of Solar Panels

Scientists may believe that solar panels technology has become so advanced than before which could be easily classified into three generations:

First Generation: These are the conventional sun powered boards made of silicon. Presently, these are the most proficient boards accessible for private purposes.

Second Generation: These are made of layers of semiconductor materials a couple of micrometers thick. These are less expensive on the grounds that they utilize lesser materials than the original boards.

Third Generation: Third era sun based modules are as yet under a ton of exploration. They’re made of an assortment of materials other than silicon – including nanotubes, sunlight based inks, silicon wires, natural colors, and conductive plastics.


Types of Solar Panels In The Market

If you finally allocate your mind of taking the solar route to generate electricity, the major concern on your list would be deciding between different kinds of solar panels available in the market.

Let’s take a look at the commercial available solar panels – including pros and cons.

A. Monocrystalline Solar Panels

This is the oldest solar technology and is still widely used. Basically, most EPC contractors in Kanpur use these solar panel types due to (i) high efficiency range of say 16% – 20% (ii) Wafers cut from blocks of highly pure silicon crystals (iii) high efficiency and reliable performance in high temperatures and shaded conditions.

Monocrystalline Solar Panels


  • Profoundly energy and space-effective. 
  • Live the longest and accompany a service agreement of 25 years. 
  • Will in general perform in a way that is better than comparatively appraised polycrystalline boards even at low-light conditions.


B. Polycrystalline Solar Panels

This too belongs to the first-generation solar panels made of molten silicon following a simple manufacturing process hence relatively cost-efficient to produce silicon wafers in molds.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels


  • Simpler manufacturing process.
  • Commercially cost-effective.


Guide To Choose The Right Solar Panels For Homes

Don’t be confused choosing the right solar panels for home. By contrast, it looks like every solar panel is similar in technology, material, and size. But, the truth is they are different.

Putting in simple words, for residential (home) there are different solar panels available and for commercial (premises) there are different as well.

Generally, they vary in size and cost. For instance; Home-based solar panels made up of combine 60 solar Photovoltaic cells  and their dimension could be 65” by 39” and Commercial-based solar panels is 72 cells and sometimes can go up to 98>100 with dimension 78” by 39” (based on research*)

Also Read: Solar Guide: Does Solar Panel Size Matter



Solar panels are extremely the most efficient way to produce eco-friendly electricity while reducing CO2 emission by large. The technology associated with solar panels are amazing and we hope we could see even more sophisticated panels in the years to come.

If you’re looking to install solar panels for home in Uttar Pradesh, please do share your requirement with Om Solar Solutions – expertise in solar EPC, solar panel installation and maintenance.

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